Joint pain is a serious health problem that affects many people around the world, significantly affecting their level and quality of life, since in some cases it can be so intense that it practically immobilizes those who suffer from it.
For this reason, in the following article we will talk about the various treatments used to relieve pain in these parts of the body, but first, we will tell you a little about the joints and what are the main diseases that affect them.
What is a Joint?
Joints are anatomical structures that allow the union of two or more bones in the body. These provide stability and movement, in addition, its components play an important role in reducing the risk of injury. The way a joint is structured determines the degree and direction of its movement, in this way, some of them allow flexion, while others allow rotation.
In a joint, the bones are covered by a protective, resistant and elastic tissue called cartilage, whose components are water, collagen and proteoglycans, and whose function is to decrease the friction caused by continuous movement.
In addition to this, the joints have a special coating called the synovial membrane, which produces a light-colored liquid called synovial fluid that serves as a nutrient for cartilage and provides an additional source to further reduce friction.
What Causes Joint Pain?
Joint pain is very common in people as they age, as they become much less flexible and therefore more rigid. However, not all manifestation of pain has to do with age, and in fact there are a number of pathologies that can trigger extremely painful processes in this part of the body.
Among the most common joint disorders are arthritis, rheumatic fever, bursitis, neurogenic arthropathy, dislocations, osteoarthritis, tendinitis, rheumatoid arthritis, reactive arthritis, sprains, gout, hip dysplasia, early joint dysfunction. mandibular, epicondylitis, chondrocalcinosis, lupus, arthritis, fibromyalgia, among others.
When we feel joint pain is due to some disorder within them, however, we must be alert to the presence of signs that indicate a serious problem which must be addressed immediately.
Generally speaking, these signs are inflammation, skin discoloration, joint redness, rash, itching, dark-colored spots, chest pain, difficulty breathing, sudden and continuous cough, abdominal pain, fever, cold sweating, chill and eye pain.
When the pain in some of the joints is very strong and lasts over time, and it is also accompanied by other kinds of symptoms, such as those described above, it is essential to visit a specialist doctor to correctly diagnose the problem.
How to Relieve Joint Pain
As we can see, the possible causes of pain in some of the joints are very wide, for this reason, the specific treatment for each of these pathologies must be prescribed by a specialist doctor, after having evaluated, examined and diagnosed the patient.
Despite this, there are some treatments that, in general, can be used to reduce joint pain. Firstly, we have non-steroidal pain relievers, corticosteroids, paracetamol, acetaminophen, ibuprofen, diclofenac, naproxen, creams with capsaicin, menthol gels, among others.
Any of these medicines will help us to mitigate joint pain, however, we must be careful not to abuse them and use them responsibly, since their excessive use could cause unwanted side effects.
On the other hand, we have alternative therapies, such as transcendental meditation, listening to relaxing music, practicing tai chi, doing deep breathing exercises, doing yoga, journaling, taking walks outdoors, and generally doing any type of activity that distracts you from the problem, so that the mind does not focus on the pain and its presence and intensity decrease.
Joint pain has a negative effect on people’s behavior and mood, therefore, it is very important to try to seek help and rely on some pleasant activity that promotes a state of relaxation and concentration, in order to control a little the pain.
Other things that can be done to mitigate joint pain is the performance of cold and heat therapies, since it has been shown that the temperature change promotes the inflammation of the tissues and with them it is possible to lower the intensity of the pain.
Natural Treatments to Relieve Joint Pain
Apart from medicines and alternative treatments, there are products of natural origin like Blue-Emu Español which uses lidocaine and topical creams as these ingredients are shown to provide benefits for joint health. Other treatments known to support joint pain may include horsetail, the queen of the meadows, the harpagophyte, turmeric, rosemary, ginger, flaxseed, boswellia, hops, sango coral, celery, eucalyptus, nettle, garlic and bay leaf.
All these products have anti-inflammatory and analgesic components that effectively help in the treatment of painful processes in the different joints of the body. They can be applied by means of compresses impregnated with their essential oils in the painful area, or by taking their infusion prepared with warm water.
How to prevent joint pain
To prevent joint pain, it is important to follow a series of recommendations that will help us control this unpleasant situation, especially in those with unhealthy habits, or for those with a family history of this type of pathology. arms, hands, and neck after sitting or lying down for quite a long time.
- When sitting at work, or in front of the computer, it is important to take short breaks or breaks to stretch and move around a bit.
- If the person has knee problems, it is advisable to wear comfortable, light and padded shoes so that the impact when walking is not high, and high heels are not recommended.
- Do not carry too much weight and when you do, try to balance it properly between both hands.
- When lifting an object off the floor, do it with your knees bent and try not to bend your back too much.
- When going up and down stairs it is important to do it slowly, always leaning on the railing.
- Having a healthy diet is essential, it is preferable to consume foods rich in calcium, protein, vitamin D, vitamin A and vitamin C, in order to strengthen muscles and bones.
- It is advisable to do low-impact exercises on a regular basis, such as walking and swimming.
- Avoid being overweight, since it generates an additional impact on some joints such as the knee and hip.
- It is important not to smoke, as well as, avoid the consumption of alcohol or other psychotropic substances.
- Napping, resting and sleeping is vital to maintaining overall health.
- Take nutritional supplements designed to promote joint health, such as collagen, hyaluronic acid, chondroitin, glucosamine, magnesium, and zinc.